As a nurse, Trinetta Alston knows the dangers of lead poisoning. As a mother, she's seen the effects firsthand.

  • Nearly 2,700 children have been diagnosed with elevated blood lead levels between 2010 and 2018
  • Experts say exposure to lead paint in older homes is largely to blame 
  • 75-80 percent of cases are in the city of Buffalo in any given year

"It was devastating. It's like, 'How and why?' It takes a chunk of your self-esteem as a parent, like, 'What did I do wrong?'" she said.

Lead poisoning can lead to a variety of health issues for children with developing brains, including neurological damage and behavioral problems.

Three of Alston's now-grown children had elevated levels of lead in their blood. The likely cause is one many families face in particularly in the city of Buffalo, exposure to lead paint in homes built before 1978, when lead-based paints were banned.

According to the Erie County Department of Health, 80 percent of cases are in the city, largely due to the older housing stock. Below are the numbers of newly confirmed cases among Erie County children:

Year       Total

2010       410

2011       326

2012       281

2013       274

2014       260

2015       295

2016       289

2017       290

2018       266

Cara Matteliano with the Community Foundation for Greater Buffalo is one of many people trying to tackle the problem through a Lead Action Plan. According to the organization, 80 percent of kids with higher than normal lead levels live in single and double rental units, and poor and minority families are disproportionately affected. The new "Get Ahead of Lead" campaign will help landlords deal with it in the homes they own.

"How to spot lead hazards…what to do when you see them, how to take care of them safely; [It] connects them with training and grants and other resources," Matteliano said.

Leaders in government have partnered with community groups and residents, forming the Erie County and Buffalo Lead Safe Task Force. Erie County Legislature Majority Leader April Baskin has pushed for funding to help kids already facing the effects from lead poisoning, like her own brother.

"I don't know how much he will be able to contribute to society or his future because of this vile sickness, which is essentially brain damage," Baskin said.

The county health department is now sharing data with the City of Buffalo to identify places where children are most at risk. Buffalo Mayor Byron Brown says city inspectors have cited 1,300 homeowners for peeling and chipping paint after inspecting more than 15,000 parcels.

Contractors are required to provide proof of certification in properly handling properties that contain lead dangers. Brown said any properties that are demolished must follow a green treatment code to prevent lead contaminants from getting into the air and soil.

The U.S. Department of Health gave $5.3 million to the county, which is continuing an annual $750,000 program to combat lead poisoning, according to Erie County Executive Mark Poloncarz.

Alston, who serves on the Lead Safe Task Force, urges parents to make sure their children get tested and to ask questions of doctors, landlords, and public officials.

"I get to be a voice where back when my kids were sick, I had no voice. It takes a village to raise a kid and I'm glad I'm part of that village," Alston said.