WASHINGTON — Growing up as an orphan in Ukraine, one of the poorest countries in Europe, Judge Shepard couldn’t have imagined he’d be where he is now, living in America, earning a stable living as a mechanic.

It’s a far cry from life back home.

“[The] job situation [in Ukraine] is poor,” he said, “and when you find a job, the pay is so cheap that people can’t afford a living.”

What You Need To Know

  • Tuesday President Biden announced the U.S. will join with western allies to impose economic sanctions on Moscow

  • Full blocking sanctions will be imposed against two large Russian financial institutions

  • Sanctions will also be imposed on the Russian government's ability to access western financing and Russian elites and their families

  • The U.S. will step in with defense assistance to Ukraine and redeploy U.S. troops in Europe to NATO members along Russia’s western border

Still, he has warm feelings for his homeland. Although Ukraine’s economy is weak, the people, he said, are not.

If Russian President Vladimir Putin is determined to send troops deep into Ukraine, Shepard says Ukrainians will be prepared to fight back.

“You can see back in World War II, the U.S.S.R...we’re basically still the same people. We’re not going to leave and give up the fight,” he said.

When Shepard checks in with folks in Ukraine, he says most people have grown accustomed to an aggressive Russia on Ukraine’s doorstep.

But President Joe Biden and NATO allies believe this time, Putin seems intent on war.

In a White House briefing Tuesday, Biden said, “We still believe that Russia’s poised to go much further in launching a massive military attack against Ukraine. Hope I’m wrong.”

Tuesday President Biden announced the U.S. will join with Western allies to impose economic sanctions on Moscow, targeting two major Russia banks, the government’s ability to access western financing and Russian elites and their families.

When President Biden imposed full blocking sanctions against the two large Russian financial institutions, cybersecurity and national security attorney Michael Zweiback, of Zweiback, Fiset & Coleman, said it’s supposed to cripple the Russian economy and its ability to get liquidity from the global financial system.

Together, Vnesheconombank (VEB) and Promsvyazbank Public Joint Stock Company (PSB) hold about $80 billion in assets and provide financing for the Kremlin and Russian military.

Zweiback says Russia’s access to capital will be diminished.

Then, under new restrictions on Russian sovereign debt, the Kremlin can no longer raise money from the U.S. and Europe.

Expert economists, like Zweiback, also say Putin expected sanctions and has built up Russia’s economy to withstand such a punishment. Not to say Russia’s economy is sanction-proof, but the country wouldn’t feel the depth of Biden and NATO allies’ sanctions for some time.

Zweiback says Russia may very well decide to cut exports to create global supply chain disruptions, and Europe would take the brunt of the collateral damage of sanctions.

In addition, Biden says the U.S. will step in with defense help to Ukraine and redeploying U.S. troops in Europe to NATO members along Russia’s western border.

“We have no intention of fighting Russia,” Biden said. “We want to send an unmistakable message though that the United States, together with our allies, will defend every inch of NATO territory and abide by the commitments we made into NATO.”

California Sen. Dianne Feinstein said to support Biden’s defensive moves, “The people of Ukraine have the right to a free and open government, and the United States should stand with them.”

Shepard hopes if this crisis gets to a point where Ukrainians have to evacuate, the U.S. will be there to help.

“If the United States says [their] doors are open because [they] are [part] of NATO, so [the U.S.] will help, then yes, [Ukrainians] will 100% leave,” he said. “If not [Ukrainians] stay and fight.”

Shepard spoke highly of the relationship Ukrainians and Russians share, saying “There’s no bad blood,” and the conflict is between the two governments.